She is full professor at the Department of Economics, Bocconi University and a senior scientist at the RFF CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment. She worked at Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei from 2003 to 2018 and collaborated with CMCC from 2006. She served as a Council Member of the European Association of Environmental Economists and as the President of the Italian Association of Environmental Economists. She has published several papers in the field of economics of climate change and of clean technologies innovation. She was the principal investigator of two European Research Council grants. She is a Lead Author of the IPCC (both 5th and 6th Report). Since May 2020 she has been Chairperson of Terna.