Lord Turner chairs the Energy Transitions Commission, a global coalition of major power and industrial companies, investors, environmental NGOs and experts working out achievable pathways to limit the rise in global temperature to well below 2°C by 2040, while stimulating economic development and social progress. Until January 2019, he was Chairman of the Institute for New Economic Thinking, where he remains a Senior Fellow. He is Chairman of Chubb Europe and a trustee of the British Museum. In December 2018 he joined the Advisory Board of Envision Energy, a Shanghai-based group focusing on renewable energy, batteries and digital systems. Lord Turner has held high profile roles in public policy: he was Director General of the Confederation of British Industry (1995-2000), Chairman of the British Low Pay Commission (2002-2006), Chairman of the Pensions Commission (2003-2006), and the first Chairman of the Climate Change Committee (2008-2012), an independent body providing consultancy to the British government on tackling climate change. Among his business roles, Lord Turner was at McKinsey & Co (1982-1995); he was Vice-Chairman of Merrill Lynch Europe (2000-2006) and Non-Executive Director of a number of companies, including Standard Chartered PLC (2006-2008). He is Senior Fellow at the Center for Financial Studies (Frankfurt) and a Visiting Fellow at the People's Bank of China School of Finance, Tsinghua University (Beijing). He writes regularly for Project Syndicate and has published Between Debt and the Devil, (Princeton 2015), Economics after the Crisis (MIT 2012); The Future of Finance: The LSE Report (with A. Haldane and P. Woolley), London School of Economics & Political Science (2010); and Just Capital. Critica del capitalismo globale, Laterza (2004). He is an honorary fellow of The Royal Society, and received an Honorary Degree from Cambridge University in 2017.